Sri Lanka is one of the most biodiverse islands in the world, boasting a wide variety of different environments ranging from the high peaks and lush green hills of the tea country to the dry scrubland in the island’s deep south. As Marco Polo described it, Sri Lanka is ‘better circumstanced than any other island in the world’ which, considering its size, is incredible. Within hours you can move from lying on a beautiful tropical beach to trekking through thick rainforest, or exploring a remote forest wilderness, or drive out of a major city straight into the island’s rolling tea hills.
Commercial center : Colombo.
Area : 65,606 sq kms (25,322 sq miles).
Dialing code : +94.
President : Excellency Mr. Maithripala Sirisena.
Prime minister : Excellency Mr. Ranil Wickremesinghe.
Official languages : Sinhala, Tamil. English is widely used and understood in tourist areas.
Religion : Buddhism (69%), Hinduism (16%), Islam (8%), Christianity (7%).
Population : 21.4 million.
Time : Sri Lanka is 5.30 hours ahead of Greenwich Time (GMT +05.30).
International Airport : Bandaranaike International Airport, Katunayake (34km north of Colombo).
Currency : Sri Lankan Rupee (one Rupee = 100 Cents).
Exchange Rate : Approx. Sri Lanka Rs. 155 = $1 USD.
Highest Water Fall : Bambarakanda – 241 meters.
Highest Peak : Pidurutalagala – 2524 meters.
Longer River : Mahaweli – 335 Km.